Fortunately, some changes in the nails do not always indicate a serious problem, but they can often be due to routine. “Toenails are often under-cared for and sometimes have more problems,” says Valeria Zanilla Franzen, a dermatologist and professor at Pontifical University of Medicine. For example, toenails may be yellow and thick. However, the following are some of the symptoms or signs that can identify health problems and need attention.
Whitening of nails
If any person has abnormal changes in the texture or color of their nails, they should pay attention. A change in the color of the nails indicates a number of problems such as mycosis (infection in the body), psoriasis (dryness in the body), pneumonia and even if your nails have turned white or have a light white color. May indicate heart failure.
Lack of certain nutrients, lack of nutrition and low intake of protein foods also cause it.
Juliana Packet, a dermatologist and member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology and the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery, says: “Light yellow nails can indicate anemia. It is caused by a lack of iron and can make nails spoon-shaped. Sometimes the so-called leukonchia, or white spots or lines on the nails, begin to appear. But it is not harmful and does not affect any part of the body.
To treat these symptoms, doctors usually try to find out the cause of the problem from the patient. Therefore, it is important that you undergo a number of health tests and be examined by a dermatologist or dermatologist or other related specialist such as cardiologists, nutritionists and others.
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Yellowing of the nails can also be due to genetic inheritance or aging of the nails, which can make them pale and hard. This change in the color of the nails can also be caused by an infection in the body, especially a fungus. In more serious cases, it also indicates symptoms of dehydration, HIV and kidney disease. Smokers’ nails also turn yellow because they come in direct contact with cigarettes and nicotine. In this case it is usually in the fingernails of the thumb and index finger.
Nails with white spots
These small spots, called ‘puttyings’, may appear on the surface of the nails alone or at intervals. This can be caused by dryness or itching in the body, and other skin and hair diseases. Giuliana Thomas, a dermatologist with a degree from the Federal University of Sؤo Paulo, said:
In rare cases, this sexually transmitted disease also refers to syphilis.
Blue colored nails
Although it is very rare, the color of the nails is due to the use of a medicine. The most common of these are medicines used to treat pimples, acne and malaria. Dermatologist Valeria Zanella says that “when the nails become discolored, the doctor must consider whether to discontinue the use of any particular medication and to prescribe another instead.”
Frequent itching in the nails
Frequent itching in the nails is caused by the fungus and when it is stopped, it recurs. And it can happen again and again if it is not taken care of properly. Most often this problem occurs in the toes and should be treated for at least six months.
Three to four months of treatment on the fingers is recommended. By the way, everyone should take the medicine at the appropriate time and take care of it till the doctor advises to stop the medicine. At the same time, to avoid recurrent fungal infections in the nails, one should avoid wearing swimming pools, savannah, tight and warm shoes as these can cause the fungus to grow again.
Lines on nails
These lines, known as biceps lines, are similar to horizontal lines and may appear on the nails after a high fever or chemotherapy treatment. When this part of the nail is hit, it is normal for lines to form on this area, which causes more wrinkles on the nails.
But when these lines are deeper and appear on only one finger, they can be a sign of melanoma, a skin cancer.
According to experts, the most common cause of rough nails is exposure to chemicals that dry out nails and fingers. In this case, we should always apply cream on this part of the body and keep the skin well hydrated, ie do not dehydrate.
Another common cause is a lack of protein, biotin and other B vitamins in the stomach. The case of vegetarian patients In addition, it is best to supplement B12 and other nutrients to prevent repeated breakage of the nails.
Reddish color of nails
Reddish color in the nails, especially in the form of crescent, can indicate the presence of arthritis-related diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. However, redness around the nails can be caused by fungi and bacteria, which attack the nails when we remove their cuticle. Dermatologist Pekt says that cuticle is a form of protection, usually we remove it but we should not do that. And it is recommended that it be kept moist.
Oblique diagonal nails
The main reason for this may be due to the weekly cleaning of the cuticle, the cause of which is the forceful use of a spatula or something else while glazing the nails. Experts also oppose and oppose the use of artificial nails in gels. This is because the process of removing these nails is aggressive and can weaken and injure the nail layer.
Hardly healing nails
When this part of the body has difficulty recovering, it may be a sign of diabetes. This is due to the process of blood circulation, which can be associated with disease and even bleeding. “In most diabetics, the blood circulation is reduced, the nails become rough, thick and have scars on them, and black nail pimples can form on them, which is called slumper hemorrhage.