Year 2022 Will Be a Watershed Moment in Space Exploration

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Moment in Space Exploration

Missions to Mars, Jupiter, and, yes, Texas are all part of the next wave of space exploration, which has been put on hold because to Covid-19. caused technical delays, NASA, the European Space Agency, and other organizations were obliged to reschedule many of their missions. In the rush to get space research back on track, a rover will be dispatched to Mars, a satellite will be deployed to investigate Jupiter and its moons, and a telescope will be launched into space to look for evidence of dark matter and dark energy in 2022. Meanwhile, four human volunteers will spend a year on Earth living in a Mars simulation.

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Mars Dune Alpha is a game set on Mars

In 2022, a 3D-printed habitat will emerge from the Texan desert, simulating life on Mars. It was created in partnership with NASA by architects Bjarke Ingels Group and advanced building technology specialists ICON as “preparation for humanity to live on Mars.” Four crew members will live and work in the 158-square-meter station, which will be plagued by issues such as equipment failure and environmental concerns. The information acquired will help NASA plan for the real deal.

Mission to Mars (ExoMars)

The ExoMars program’s 2022 mission (delayed from 2020) will carry the UK-built Rosalind Franklin rover and the Kazachok Russian surface platform to Mars. The lander and rover will be launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) on a Proton rocket in late September 2022, and will arrive on Mars in June 2023 following a nine-month voyage. The ExoMars rover will use a drill to collect subsurface samples and put them in its Analytical Laboratory Drawer in search of signs of past life on Mars. The soil will next be analysed for biosignatures using its “Pasteur” set of devices. ExoMars will be the first mission to Mars to combine surface mobility with investigations of deep underground soil.

JUICE

The Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) is a spacecraft that will launch in 2022 as part of the European Space Agency’s Cosmic Vision programme. Its objective is to investigate three of Jupiter’s moons—Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa—to see if they could be viable life-supporting environments. We won’t know if these three moons have liquid water on them until JUICE approaches Jupiter’s orbit in 2031. When it enters Ganymede’s orbit in 2032, it will become the first spacecraft to orbit a moon other than the Earth’s.

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Euclid

By precisely analysing the morphologies of galaxies at varying distances from Earth, the Euclid infrared space telescope will aid scientists in learning more about dark matter and dark energy. This will help us understand why the universe’s expansion appears to be speeding up and what might be driving it. Euclid will be launched in a Soyuz ST-B rocket from the Guiana Space Centre in the second half of 2022 and will settle into orbit at the L2 Lagrange Point, 1.5 million kilometres from Earth.