Electric bikes are gaining in popularity rapidly due to the fact that they are significantly less expensive than conventional bicycles and are incredi
Electric bikes are gaining in popularity rapidly due to the fact that they are significantly less expensive than conventional bicycles and are incredibly user-friendly and convenient. An e-bike is a wise investment, whether you intend to use it to commute to and from work or school or to cruise around town on the weekends.
It is time to begin your search for the ideal ebike once you’ve made the decision to purchase one; however, this is simpler said than done. Numerous e-bike manufacturers exist, each employing a distinct jargon that may prove challenging to decipher. You’ll quickly be selecting “Add to Cart” after we educate you on the most crucial aspects to consider when purchasing an e-bike.
- 1 Three types of Electric bikes
- 2 Gearing System: Do You Want a Traditional Bike Feel?
- 3 Battery Range: How Far Do You Need to Go?
- 4 Step-Through Frames vs Step-Over Frames
- 5 Accessories and Built-ins Are a Bonus
- 6 What type of electric bike should you buy?
- 7 The TakeAway
Three types of Electric bikes
When exploring electric bikes, it is common to encounter labels that designate them by “class.” These classes serve the purpose of classifying bicycles according to their maximum speed, power output, and throttle level, if applicable.
Ebike classifications may differ by country, state, and municipality; therefore, prior to purchasing an e-bike, be certain to research local regulations. The type of e-bikes in the United States is among 1, 2, or 3.
The motor of a Class 1 ebike will solely supply propulsion during cycling, limited to a maximum speed of 20 mph. In addition to peaking at 20 mph with mechanical assistance, Class 2 e-bikes may also be equipped with a throttle to assist with reaching that speed.
Class 3 e-bikes are the quickest, capable of pedal-assist speeds of up to 28 mph. Although the majority of Class 3 e-bikes feature a throttle for achieving top speed, many state and local regulations omit the word “Thrustmaster” from the Class 3 definition, which can be confusing.
Occasionally, you may encounter an e-bike that specifies itself as a Class 2 or Class 3 model. This may occur if an ebike ships as a Class 2 model, but riders in states where it is legal to do so can activate an additional Class 3 maximum speed of 28 mph.
If a more comprehensive elucidation of the meanings of the various electric bike classes is required, we are prepared to assist you.
Mid-Drive Motor vs. Rear-Hub Motor
A hub-drive motor or a mid-drive motor will power an electric bicycle. Hub-drive motors are located in the center of one of the bicycle’s wheels, typically the rear tire, whereas mid-drive motors are positioned between the pedals in the center of the bike.
By virtue of its central location, a mid-drive motor ensures a more balanced ride by distributing the bike’s weight more uniformly. A mid-drive engine is more expensive than a hub-drive motor due to the fact that the frame must be constructed around it. However, it is more potent.
Hub-drive motors are simpler and less expensive for manufacturers to incorporate into the construction of a bicycle, making their implementation that much simpler. However, hub-drive engines are considerably bulkier and less efficient than mid-drive motors. Adding additional weight to one end of the bicycle may result in less natural-feeling maneuvers.
Typically, e-bike motors range in power output from 250 to 750 volts. In comparison to a 250-watt engine, a 750-watt machine is generally more expensive, less energy-efficient, and more potent. Commuter e-bikes, on average, are equipped with a 500Wh battery and a 250-watt or 350-watt motor, both of which provide an economical balance of power and range.
Cadence Sensor vs Torque Sensor
While all bikes include pedal assist in facilitating cycling, the manner in which this assistance is perceived varies depending on whether the motor is paired with a torque sensor or a cadence sensor.
Due to the fact that the amount of pedal pressure controls the motor’s assistance, e-bikes with torque sensors will feel and function more like conventional bicycles. Pedestrian assistance increases in proportion to pedaling effort.
The majority of individuals prefer torque sensors over other types of sensors due to the extended range and more comfortable ride they provide, but they are more expensive. Although cadence sensors are more affordable, an individual accustomed to the sensation of a conventional bicycle may find the ride jerky or simply off-putting.
A cadence sensor ensures that the motor provides a constant quantity of assistance for each pedal-assist level, irrespective of the speed at which the pedal is moved. The experience of riding an e-bike at its maximum speed while exerting only a minimal quantity of pedaling force may appear abrupt or seemingly illogical.
A torque sensor will allow you to perceive more resistance while riding and extend the range of your e-bike. If you desire a more effortless experience that necessitates reduced physical exertion, a cadence sensor would be more suitable.
It is also important to note that an ebike with a throttle effectively nullifies the debate between torque sensors and cadence sensors, provided that the throttle is utilized more frequently than the pedals. Relying solely on the throttle without engaging the pedals will diminish the overall range. Still, it will also absolve you of the inconvenience of torque sensor resistance and cadence sensor jerkiness.
Gearing System: Do You Want a Traditional Bike Feel?
While pedaling, not all bikes feature a gearing mechanism that permits the rider to shift between ratios in order to modify the pedaling effort. Because of this resistance, riding an e-bike can be more pleasant because the rider has greater control over the speed.
In order to facilitate the ascent, one may shift to a lower gear when approaching an incline. One may also engage in a higher gear shift to regulate pace or introduce additional resistance for a more effective workout.
While certain e-bikes feature a minimum of three gears for shifting, others may boast as many as seven, nine, or eleven gears. It is generally the case that an ebike featuring a gearing system also incorporates a torque sensor, and conversely, prior to purchase, verify the specifications.
Battery Range: How Far Do You Need to Go?
The battery range of an electric bicycle can vary from 20 to 100 miles; however, the range estimates provided by manufacturers are merely that: approximations. The precise mileage achieved may differ depending on factors such as body weight, cycling conditions, pedal-assist setting, and the presence or absence of a throttle on the bicycle.
While it is still advisable to consider the manufacturer’s estimate, it is also advisable to consult evaluations pertaining to the bike in question to obtain practical insights regarding the battery’s performance in real-world scenarios. Certain manufacturers may specify the battery’s testing conditions in the specifications page’s fine print; therefore, you may modify that information to arrive at a more accurate estimate.
The distance traveled is contingent upon the factors above, in addition to the battery capacity and motor capability. Many Class 1 e-bikes, for instance, couple a 500Wh battery with a 250-watt motor, whereas the same battery may be paired with a 500-watt motor on a Class 3 bike. Class 3 e-bikes will have significantly shorter battery lives due to the increased power consumption required to reach higher velocities.
Class 1 E-Bikes
Please consider the destination of your bike ride, such as work, school, or errands, and calculate the distance in miles that it will require to reach that location. Class 1 e-bikes, which are frequently the first e-bikes sold to consumers, have an average range of forty to fifty miles.
It is unlikely that you intend to travel 20 to 25 miles in a single trip and completely discharge the battery. Determining an appropriate estimated battery range for an e-bike primarily depends on the charging frequency desired.
It is possible to commute to school every day if your residence is within three to five miles of it and to charge your bicycle only once per week. If you desire a quicker commute to school and are willing to recharge your bike more frequently, a Class 3 e-bike with an extended battery range is not as advantageous as one with a more powerful motor.
Certain e-bikes, such as the Fiido E-Gravel, provide motorcyclists with the option to purchase an additional battery in order to augment their peak range. Nevertheless, as the overall battery capacity increases, so does the weight of the e-bike.
Step-Through Frames vs Step-Over Frames
Similar to conventional bicycles, e-bikes feature either a step-over or step-through frame design. Typically, a step-over bike has an elevated bar in the frame’s center that necessitates stepping over the bike in order to mount it. This upper beam is absent from a step-through bicycle, enabling the rider to step through the cycle instead of swinging their leg over.
Step-over frames are typically more robust, which facilitates riding at higher speeds or traversing more rugged terrain. However, step-over structures can be challenging for individuals with mobility issues or lesser stature to operate.
Step-through frames are frequently appropriate for riders who are five feet zero or taller, while many step-over structures are designed to accommodate riders who are at least five feet eight inches tall.
While most individuals find step-through frames to be more comfortable to put on and take off, this is particularly true for those who are shorter or have a limited range of motion.
Step-through frames allow you to mount your bike without raising your leg nearly as high, which is ideal if you wear dresses or skirts or if you must dismount the bicycle multiple times throughout the day.
Accessories and Built-ins Are a Bonus
As a promotional strategy, numerous e-bike manufacturers include complimentary accessories with every purchase of an e-bike. Front or rear lights, fenders, cargo racks, baskets, or water bottle receptacles are all examples of complimentary accessories. Although these complimentary accessories are excellent, they should not influence your decision to purchase an e-bike over another, as they are typically inexpensive and can be added to at a later time.
Analogous reasoning can be applied to features that are integrated into the frame, such as a water bottle receptacle or cargo rack. Whether you’re seeking an e-bike with an integrated front light or a stowage rack that is more durable and constructed directly into the frame is an entirely different matter.
This recommendation is primarily a caution against selecting an e-bike exclusively on the basis of its supplementary features or integrated functions.
What type of electric bike should you buy?
Starting the process of identifying the ideal e-bike can be fortuitously challenging, given the abundance of technical jargon throughout the industry. If you are not overly concerned with the smallest of details and are certain that you want to test ride an e-bike, consider searching for one by its type.
Check with a local store to see if an e-bike is available for a test ride prior to committing. Although not every e-bike will be accessible for local testing, this is becoming more probable as the popularity of e-bikes increases.
Commuters are the most prevalent category of e-bikes, specifically engineered to facilitate comfortable and efficient travel for individuals commuting from their residences to places of employment or study. Commuter bikes, such as the Velotric Discover 1, frequently feature comfortable seats, thinner tires, and safety-enhancing accessories, including lighting and fenders.
Although the terms “commuter bike” and “city bike” are frequently used interchangeably, their designs and features are essentially identical. While commuter bikes are available in Classes 1, 2, and 3, the majority of riders prefer a Class 3 model in order to maximize speed and reach their destination more quickly.
For an exceptionally comfortable recreational excursion, cruisers are your best bet. A cruiser bike, such as the eCoast, features a suspension system and fatter tires for a more comfortable ride, in addition to a broader, cushier seat than a commuter ebike. Class 2 or 3 cruisers are those that are equipped with a throttle and do not necessitate peddling by the rider when the intention is to unwind while outdoors.
A cargo bike, as its name suggests, is practical for transporting a substantial amount of cargo. In general, these bikes are more powerful and heavier than other bikes, even before your shipment is added. A cargo bike, such as the RadWagon 4, is characterized by its thicker frame, wide tires, and integrated racks or additional seats (or both). While commuter bikes may be more prevalent, many individuals favor cargo bikes for their work commute due to the ample storage space they provide.
A mountain bike, alternatively known as an eMTB or EMB, incorporates features that elevate the performance of cargo and cruiser bikes. Extremely robust frames, wide tires, and an exceptional suspension system characterize EMBs. This design facilitates traversing trails that involve substantial pebbles, gravel, or ascending terrain.
Although there is a wide selection of electric mountain bikes, eMTBs are considerably less prevalent compared to commuter e-bikes. The use of electric bicycles on roads and easy trails is more commonplace than on rugged, mountainous terrain.
After acquiring knowledge regarding the key attributes to consider in an electric bicycle, investigate the availability of a nearby bike store that offers test rides of e-bikes. Even in the event that the particular bike you test passage does not ultimately be purchased, the experience of handling various components will assist you in determining which bike to buy.