In the world of physics, a failed experiment signifies the start of a new chapter. The discovery of the fundamental particle involved in the creation of the universe has ushered in a new era in physics, according to scientists. The 12-meter-long microbone detector is kept at minus 186 degrees Celsius in a massive cryogenic (cold) tank loaded with 150 tones of liquid argon. A large experiment was conducted to investigate the subatomic particle, which is an important component of the stuff that makes up our daily life. The researchers were unable to locate a particle known as a sterile neutrino. It will now lead physicists to new theories about how the cosmos came to be.
The findings were deemed “extremely important” by Professor Mark Thomson of the Council for Science and Technology Facilities (STFC), the UK’s funding body for the microbone project. This is because many physicists have built their theories around the prospect of sterile neutrinos being present. Professor Thomson said, “The notion has been around for a long time and there has been a lot of interest.” “This finding is particularly intriguing since it will have ramifications for new theories emerging in particle physics and cosmology.”
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The microbone’s electronic racks are placed on a platform just above the detector that blocks the amount of cosmic radiation or radiation in the universe that affects the results. There are subatomic particles or subatomic particles scattered in the neutrino universe but rarely interfere with the everyday world. They pass through the earth and its inhabitants in billions every moment. There are three types: electron, mouse and tau. In 1998, Japanese scientists discovered that neutrinos transform themselves from one form to another during travel. This process of transformation cannot be explained by the current “big theory” of subatomic physics called the standard model. Some physicists believe that figuring out why neutrinos are so small will help us understand the current system of the universe and the process by which it came into being. Lack of mass is due to the ability of neutrinos to change shape.
According to current theories, the amount of matter and antimatter was equal immediately after the Big Bang. However, when matter and antimatter collide, they wipe out each other vigorously, releasing energy. If the two were equal in the universe, they should have eliminated each other
Instead, most of the universe today is made up of matter and the amount of antimatter is very small. Some scientists believe that the ability of neutrinos to change their shape is due to the agility of the universe, which has resulted in the remaining amount of matter after the Big Bang to form planets, stars and galaxies. In 1990, the US Department of Energy experimented with a liquid-centrifugal neutrino detector at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. Could Later, another experiment in 2002 confirmed this result. Physicists have suggested the existence of a fourth type and called it sterile neutrino. He thought that this particle could explain the large number of electrons and neutrinos produced, and also explain why these particles change shape.
They are called sterile or sterile neutrinos because they do not interact with matter in any way, while other neutrinos, although less able to do so, are capable of doing so. The discovery of sterile neutrinos in subatomic physics would be larger than the Higgs boson because, unlike other states of neutrinos and Higgs particles, it is not part of the current standard model of physics. To find sterile neutrinos, a team of about 200 scientists from five countries developed a microbooster neutrino experiment, or microbone, that holds 150 tons of machines in a space the size of a large truck. Its detectors are very sensitive, and its observations in the subatomic world are exemplified by the ultra-high definition of an object. The team has now announced that four separate analyzes of the data from the experiment have concluded that “no trace” of sterile neutrinos has been found.
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A new chapter
But the result did not end there, but opened a new chapter. Dr. Sam Zeller of Fermalib says that the fact that there is no clue does not mean that the previous information is denied. “Previous information does not lie,” he said. “There is a very interesting process going on that we need to understand. New information is taking us in a new direction with possible justifications and pointing to something more complex and interesting. It’s very exciting. ” Justin Evans, a professor at the University of Manchester, believes that the new puzzle created by this information is a turning point in research on neutrinos. “Every time we look at a neutrino, we find something new or unexpected,” he said. “The results of the microbiome are taking us in a new direction and our neutrino program will take us to the bottom of some puzzles.