In winter, whether it’s a party with family or peers, tea outside the home or office, or a chance to gossip with friends while walking, peanuts fit every occasion as if it were made. Be for a special event. Peanuts grown in more than 40 countries of the world are mostly grown in rainfed areas of Pakistan and also in irrigated areas of Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Peanut cultivation in Pakistan Attock, Chakwal, Khushab districts of Punjab, Mianwali, Bhakkar and Bahawalnagar while Kohat and Karam in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Khairpur, Ghotki, Sukkur and Sanghar in Sindh.
The best time to plant peanuts is mid-April, as peanut seeds require temperatures above 25 C for germination. Instead, peanuts should always be planted with urea single rocket cotton drill, seed depth should be kept at 3 to 5 cm. Peanut cultivation begins in early April. Harvesting and preparation continue until the months of October and November. Peanuts are then extracted and used for food, oil extraction and other products. The shell of the oil, including the residue after extraction, is used for animal feed.
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How to harvest?
When the peanut crop is ready, it is harvested and threshed using traditional methods as well as modern machinery. The best peanuts in terms of quality are considered to be those which are separated from the plant when ripe. In many areas, such peanuts are still hand-picked and marketed at better prices. One peanut kernel contains 50% oil. The plant grows to a height of about one foot or more. Peanut shells contain one to four grains. According to agronomists, peanuts are the thirteenth most important food crop grown in the world. It is the fourth largest source of edible oil in the world and the third largest source of vegetable protein.
Peanuts contain 43 to 55 percent oil, 25 to 32 percent easily digestible protein and 20 percent carbohydrates. According to a report by India’s International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), 50% of the world’s peanuts are used for oil extraction, 37% for food and 12% for seeds. Goes